From The Jewish Museum: During World War II, while living in exile in France, the young German-Jewish artist Charlotte Salomon (1917–1943) created Life? or Theatre?: A Play With Music, comprising almost eight hundred small gouache paintings. In this work, Salomon combined painting with text and musical cues to tell a compelling and autobiographical coming-of-age story set amid increasing Nazi oppression and a family history of suicide. Although the artist died in Auschwitz — a fact that deeply affects our view of the work — Life? or Theatre? survived and stands as a testament to Salomon’s life and singular artistic vision. See more from The Jewish Museum. Or view the full text.